“Hop” refers to the tree’s fruit which resembles hops (think beer). The hop-hornbeam in the Outdoor Learning Lab contributes to the overall beauty in the landscape but it also provides food and shelter for many different species of animals. Excellent tree for naturalized landscapes. I have some on my own place, but very few trees, so I hate to cut those. Top Hophornbeam facts. The nuts are enclosed in inflated sacs that provides buoyancy and improved dispersal by the wind. It is found throughout the state of Ohio. Wood makes great firewood with high energy value. These native American shade trees grow from Canada to Florida (zone 3 -9) as a very cold hardy tree and are also called: Eastern Ironwood trees, because hophornbeam has such a dense, strong wood that is excellent to use in tool handles and fence posts. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. To foresters, they’re considered a “weed tree” that outcompetes more profitable tree species. The Eastern hop hornbeam gets its scientific name Ostrya from a Greek word meaning “bone” since the wood of this tree is very hard and heavy. In modern times, Easter Ironwoods are used for making fence posts and for decoration, often as street trees. Hornbeam (genus Carpinus) is relatively small hardwood trees.1 1 Wandlore 2 Hornbeam wand owners 3 Behind the scenes 4 Appearances 5 Notes and references Hornbeam selects for its life mate the talented witch or wizard with a single, pure passion, which some might call obsession - more kindly - vision, which will almost always be realised. In the winter they are short, stiff, and erect. Lilac Wood The wood of the lilac bush is very hard and strong. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America.It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. The name Ironwood refers to the great strength of the wood which was highly prized for tool handles etc. Hop Hornbeam Wood Hop hornbeam, locally called ironwood, is a small tree, hard and tough. The hoplike inflorescence begins to break up immediately after ripening and the seeds are dispersed throughout the fall and into early winter. From shop BirchBarkBarrette. Building A Firewood Shed Generally speaking an average tree would be about 4" - 6" in diameter and a very large tree would be around 8" - 10" in diameter and they grow to a maximum height of 40 feet. The bark of hop hornbeam is thin, reddish gray, with tight, narrow, platelike scales; some trees have loose, shreddy scales. Solitary pistillate inflorescences first appear with the beginning of leaf development, and full bloom occurs about a month later. Color/Appearance: Hornbeam’s sapwood is very thick, with most boards and lumber being comprised entirely of sapwood. In this area the wood is referred to as “Ironwood” and it is hard and heavy. They are not often distinguished in technical documents and often erroneously interchanged. Reference: https://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/ostrya/virginiana.htm. I have some on my own place, but very few trees, so I hate to cut those. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. The hornbeam tree info in this article will help you decide whether the tree is right for you, and tell you how to care for it. Reply; Nina Jillaine February 23, 2018, 4:40 am. Privacy policy. Hornbeam Tree Info. . The combination of trunk and bark should separate this tree from the American Hornbeam, with which it has shared an unusual history of confusion in common names. Eastern hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) is aka ironwood. Ironwood is a synonym of hornbeam. Easter Ironwood is usually found in upland wooded areas. Longbows led in one famous case to the triumph of the severely out-numbered British army over the French at Agincourt, which was immortalized in the St. Crispin’s Day speech in Shakespeare’s King Henry V. It is probable that a relative of the Easter Ironwood was used to make those bows. Location of Ostrya virginiana (Ironwood) at the Arboretum The American hop hornbeam is often confused with the American hornbeam. Often the wood has specialty uses though. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. The American hop hornbeam tree has very hard and dense wood. HOP HORNBEAM (Ostrya virginiana) Medicine: Chippewa used the wood at the heart of the branch in making a cough syrup, and in a medicine for kidney disorders. This wood is excellent for making bows, furniture, or anything else that you want to last forever. The wood of this tree is strong and hard. Photo courtesy of Minnesota Seasons (http://minnesotaseasons.com/Plants/ironwood.html). It is indeed a very hard, heavy and stiff wood. The bark is thin, soft, grayish brown, and broken into narrow longitudinal strips that hang loosely on the tree. References: http://minnesotaseasons.com/Plants/ironwood.html. Not sure about that exact species but I have worked with quite a bit of Eastern Hop Hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) here in Minnesota and they look to be closely related. White bracelet, Hornbeam Wood, Light Bracelet, Wooden Bracelet, Handmade Bracelet, Boho Style, Woodpecker, Gift for Her, Gift for Girl BirchBarkBarrette. Site design : Academic Web Pages. A hard nut is inside each pod. It makes good tool handles and if I get hold of some I use it for wooden spoons, but it is not very plentiful. The tree has 3 trunks, arising from the main trunk at 17.5 cm, probably after coppicing. Here’s what the fruit looks like: A closely related tree, the blue beech (Carpinus caroliniana), also carries the hornbeam and ironwood names. Hornbeams, also known as ironwood and musclewood, get their common names from their strong wood, which rarely cracks or splits. The Primitave Archer website says it’s #2 with osage-orange being #1. Ironwood is a tough understory tree with beautiful birch-like leaves, grayish-brown flaky bark, fine-textured drooping branches, and attractive hop-like fruits. Maybe that's why technical info is hard to come by. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. American hophornbeam was introduced into the landscape in 1690. 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