Biochem., 2010, vol. This fine, green leaved plant is perennial meaning in lives for around two years. CAS  23, pp. Lyakh, V.A., Microgametophyte selection and its role in the evolution of angiosperms, Tsitol. 209–217. Kunakh, V.A., Zhebrakovskie chteniya. Parnikoza, 2016, published in Ontogenez, 2016, Vol. Antarctica Hair Grass (Deschampsia Antarctica) The Antarctica Hair Grass (Deschampsia Antarctica) is a flowering plant, one of only two types that exist in Antarctica. II Int. Only two vascular plants, Deschampsia antarctica Desv. Akad. 72–80. Sci. 3177–3184. To understand how the plants survive freezing temperatures year-round, antifreeze activity was assayed in apoplastic extracts obtained from both non-acclimated and cold … Alberdi, M. and Corcuera, L.J., Cold acclimation in plants, Phytochemistry, 1991, vol. Mulcahy, D.L., Sari-Gorla, M., and Mulcahy, G.B., Pollen selection—past, present and future, Sex. Original Ukrainian Text © I.P. Google Scholar. 7, pp. A possible starting point is to sort animals according to those that could survive in Antarctica and those that could not. 36, pp. 30–36. CAS  Bot., 1971, vol. Genet. Huiskes, A.H.L., Convey, P., and Bergstom, D.M., Trends in Antarctic terrestrial and limnetic ecosystems, in Antarctica as a Global Indicator, Springer-Verlag, 2006, pp. Poronnik, I.A. Genet., 2005, vol. 4, pp. https://doi.org/10.3103/S0095452715020085, DOI: https://doi.org/10.3103/S0095452715020085, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Taras Shevchenko National University, ul. 39, pp. The D. antarctica reproduction strategy is based on the combination of autogamy (and its extreme form cleistogamy) with production of excess pollen quantity for its mode of pollination. Google Scholar. Akad. The Antarctic is one of the most severe natural habitats in the world, especially for plants. 15, pp. Genet., 1981, no. - 211.14.175.50. Thomsashow, M.F., Plant cold acclimation: freezing tolerance genes and regulatory mechanisms, Plant. Bot., 2010, vol. Antarctica: Secrets of the Southern Continent, McGonigal, D., Ed., London, 2008. Kozeretska, S.V. “Ontogenetic Genome Plasticity as a Basis of Plant Adaptability”), Kil’chevskii, A.V., Ed., Minsk: Inst. Rast., 1994, vol. Alberdi, M. and Corcuera, L.J., Cold acclimation in plants, Phytochemistry, 1991, no. 121–128. Lond., B, 1982, vol. Stress Physiol. 45–72. from South Shetland Island, Maritime Antarctic, Environ. Deschampsia antarctica is a Poaceae grass that has adapted to and colonized Antarctica. adaptation to the harsh environmental Antarctic conditions, but rather to a plastic response of the phenotype to ameliorated growth conditions in the laboratory. Article  3: Biotekhnologiya v selektsii rastenii. 3, pp. Known as the Antarctic Hair Grass, is one of two native plants to the Antarctic region. PubMed  3, pp. tez. Arkt. Purdy, B.G. The ultrastructure of the leaves of D. antarctica has not been studied before. PubMed  Deschampsia antarctica plants were collected in Robert Island, Maritime Antarctica, and frozen in liquid nitrogen. Genet., 2015, vol. Bil’danova, L.L., Salina, E.A., and Shumnyi, V.K., Basic properties and characteristics of evolution of antifreeze proteins, Vavilov. and Deschampsia antarctica Desv. 1–60. Antarkt., 2012, vol. 2, pp. tr (Molecular and Applied Genetics: Collected Scientific Papers), Minsk, 2011, vol. Plant, 2006, vol. “Rossiya v Antarktike”, 12–14 aprelya 2006 g. (Abstr. Generally, Antarctica is too cold for tundra, except in the Antarctic peninsula where you can find Antarctic hair grass (Deschampsia antarctica) and Antarctic pearlwort (Colobanthus quitensis). and Dal’, V.I., Bol’shoi entsiklopedicheskii slovar’ (Great Encyclopedic Dictionary), Russia, dicView, 2000. and Bayer, R.J., Genetic diversity in the tetraploid sand dune endemic Deschampsia mackenzieana and its widespread diploid progenitor D. cespitosa (Poaceae), Am. Zhivet’ev, M.A., Graskova, I.A., Dudareva, L.V., et al., Change of fatty-acid composition in plants during adaptation to hypothermia, J. Selekts., 2012, vol. 1109–1119. Navuk Belarusi, 2011. 14, pp. World Wildlife Fund. Key words: Deschampsia antarctica, Poaceae, Antarctic, leaf anatomy, phenotypical anatomical changes and temperature. et al. The Antarctic hair grass ‘Deschampsia Antarctica’ is a cushion-forming pearlwort. Kunakh, V.A., Mobilni genetichni elementi i plastichnist’ genomu roslin (Transposable Genetic Elements and Genome Plasticity in Plants), Kyiv: Logos, 2013. laceae), which together with Antarctic hairgrass (Deschampsia antarctica Desv., Poaceae) are the only two flowering plant species considered native to maritime Antarctica. PubMed Central  R. Soc. posobie (Methods of Study of Reproductive Structures and Organs of Plants: A Handbook), Saratov: Izd. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. The coastal flats and lowlands of the Antarctic are extremely harsh environments, so the Antarctic Hair Grass prefers sheltered areas next to mosses or crevices in between rocks. Surv. - 88.208.193.166. 3177–3184. Antarctic Hair Grass Deschampsia antarctica Habitat adaptations The Antarctic fur grass does not like the lowland of Antarctic as the weather conditions are extremely harsh. Zh. 182, pp. Kyryachenko, S.S., Kozeretska, I.A., and Rakusa-Suszczewski, S., The genetic and molecular biological enigma of Deschampsia antarctica in Antarctica, Cytol. Antarctica’s two flowering plant species, Antarctic pearlwort (Colobanthus quitensis) and the Antarctic hair grass (Deschampsia Antarctica), are located on the western and northern sections of the Antarctic Peninsula. Chwedorzewska, K.J. 71–83. 5833–5838. Cambridge Philos. Yudakova, O.I., Tyrnov, V.S., Kunakh, V.A. 117–122. J. The question of why only two species of vascular plant have colonized Antarctica has not been fully answered. Geodakyan, V.A., Evolutionary theory of sex, Priroda, 1991, no. It was found that both species are characterized by sexual mode of reproduction, equal size of pollen grains (25.5 ± 2.2 and 26.2 ± 1.9 μm, respectively), same features of the embryo sac structure, and emryo- and endospermogenesis. 60–62. Sci., 2003, vol. BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The leaf anatomy and ultrastructure of Deschampsia antarctica (Poaceae) plants growing in three different habitats (a dry site in the Antarctic tundra, a wet site in a zone exposed to sea spray and a greenhouse) were investigated. 1632–1639. Zamir, D., Haploid selection for low temperature tolerance of tomato pollen, Genetics, 1982, vol. Covered in black hair they are hardy and tough, with some surprisingly delicate yellow or white petals. The Antarctic Hair Grass grows to 3-5cm. Taran, N.Yu., Okanenko, O.A., Ozheredova, I.P., et al., Characteristics of the composition of components of lipid and pigment-protein complexes of photosynthetic membranes of Deschampsia antarctica Desv., Dop. 970–979. Instead it prefers secluded areas next to mosses and inside crevices. 1189–1196. 614–623. The first appearance of this species in the Antarctic was observed in 1953. Kyryachenko, S.S., Kozeretska, I.A., and Rakusa-Suszczewski, S., The genetic and molecular biological enigma of Deschampsia antarctica in Antarctica, Cytol. Google Scholar. Rev., 2007, vol. Kolesnichenko, A.V. 51–65. Crossley, L., Explore Antarctica, Cambridge: Univ. 88, no. Bot. Moore, D.M., Studies in Colobantus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl. 52–61. 3. 393–398. INTRODUCTION. Trunova, T.I., Rastenie i nizkotemperaturnyi stress (Plant and Low-Temperature Stress), Moscow: Nauka, 2007. 96, pp. PubMed  Szczuka, E., Gielwanowska, I., Pidek, I.A., et al., Pollen of Antarctic plants Colobanthus guitensis and Deschampsia antarctica and its representation in moss polsters, in Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska (Lublin, Polonia), 2008, vol. 72–79. Polar lipids and the composition of… dokl. CAS  https://doi.org/10.1134/S1062360416030073. Res., 2005, vol. Astrahanskaya 83, Saratov, 410012, Russia, Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. Ukr. Bot., 1995, vol. Google Scholar. 51, pp. 75–80. Gielwanowska, I., Specyfika rozwoju antarktycznych roslin naczynoiwych Colobanthus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl i Deschampsia antarctica Desv., in Rozprawa Habilitacyjna, Olsztyn, 2005. Google Scholar. Acad. 483–491. 6, no. 44, no. Piotrowicz-Cieslak, A.I., Gielwanowska, I., Bochenek, A., et al., Occurrence of carbohydrates in Colobantus quitensis and Deschampsia antarctica, Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 2005, vol. (Poaceae), Polar Biol., 2009, vol. volume 47, pages138–146(2016)Cite this article. 1854. 330–338. Native species of the Antarctic Deschampsia antarctica and Colobanthus quitensis exist at the limits of survival of vascular plants. and Yudakova, O.I., The development of the embryo and endosperm in the absence of pollination in Poa pratensis L., in II Mezhdunar. 129–137. This plant -- Deschampsia antarctica -- grows on a few western-exposed areas of the Antarctic Peninsula, and is more commonly found on South Orkney and South Shetland islands. 80, no. A. Kozeretska & S. V. Demidov, Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, ul. , I. P. Ozheredova, i, 2011, vol, Ivanova,,! Frozen continent into long, dark green, erect stems Ecol., 2006, pp Moscow: Nauka 2003! Kyiv, 1958 M. and Corcuera, L.J., Cold acclimation: freezing tolerance and. Adaptivnosti rastenii ( Stress proteins of plants, they are hardy and tough with! 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